Reading Records from Postgres

Learn how to read records from Supabase using Next.js Supabase application

In Makerkit, we define all the queries in their own file (depending on their feature) named queries.ts.

Assuming we have a table named tasks with the following schema:

create table tasks ( id serial primary key, name text, user_id uuid references public.users not null, due_date timestamp, description text, done boolean default false );

We can define a query to read a single task from the table:

import type { SupabaseClient } from '@supabase/supabase-js'; import type { Database } from '~/database.types'; export function getTask(client: SupabaseClient<Database>, id: number) { return client .from('tasks') .select( ` id, name, userId: user_id, dueDate: due_date, description, done `, ) .eq('id', id) .single(); }

The single modifier will return a single record from the database. If no record is found, it will throw an error. If you want to return null instead, you can use the maybeSingle modifier.


You can now use the function above anywhere in the following layers:

  1. API routes
  2. React Server Components
  3. React Client Components
  4. Server Actions

In fact, we can import the Supabase client both on the browser and on the client.


Assuming we want to read a task from a Server component, such as the Task page, we can do the following:

interface Context { params: { task: string; }; } const TaskPage = async ({ params }: Context) => { const data = await loadTaskData(params.task); const task = data.task; return ( <> <h1>{}</h1> <p>{task.description}</p> </> ); }; async function loadTaskData(taskId: string) { const client = getSupabaseServerClient(); const { data: task } = await getTask(client, Number(taskId)); if (!task) { redirect('/dashboard'); } return { task, }; } export default TaskPage;


You can also choose to read the task from the frontend. This is useful if you want to use the data in a React component.

To do so, we use the Supabase Web SDK client using the hook useSupabase and combine it with SWR to fetch the data.

This is useful because you can fetch data directly from the client, which is extremely useful in scenarios such as loading data on-demand resulting from user interactions (click a table row, opening a modal, etc.)

import useSWR from "swr"; function useFetchTask({id}: {id: number}) { const supabase = useSupabase(); const key = ['tasks', id]; return useSWR([key], async () => { return getTask(supabase, id); }); }

We can then use the hook in a React component:

function TaskComponent({ id }: { id: number }) { const { data: task, isLoading, error } = useFetchTask({ id }); if (isLoading) { return <p>Loading...</p>; } if (error) { return <p>Error: {error.message}</p>; } return ( <> <h1>{}</h1> <p>{task.description}</p> </> ); }

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