Writing data to Database

Learn how to write, update and delete data using the Supabase Database in Makerkit

Similarly to reading data, we may want to create a custom hook also when we write, update or delete data to our Supabase database.

Assuming we have an entity called tasks, and we want to create a hook to create a new Task, we can do the following.

  1. First, we create a new hook at lib/tasks/hooks/use-create-task.ts
  2. We add the tasks table name to lib/db-tables.ts
  3. We create a mutations.ts file within lib/tasks
export const TASKS_TABLE = `tasks`;

In our mutations file, we will add all the mutations we want to perform on the tasks table. In this case, we will add a createTask mutation.

export function createTask( client: Client, task: Task, ) { return client.from(TASKS_TABLE).insert(task).throwOnError(); }

Now, we can use the createTask mutation in our useCreateTask hook.

We will be using the useMutation hook from react-query to create our hook.

function useCreateTaskMutation(task: Task) { const client = useSupabase(); return useMutation( async (task: Task) => { return createTask(client, task); } ); } export default useCreateTaskMutation;

Let's take a look at a complete example of a form that makes a request using the hook above:

import { useNavigate } from '@remix-run/react'; import type { FormEventHandler } from 'react'; import { useCallback } from 'react'; import { toast } from 'sonner'; import TextField from '~/core/ui/TextField'; import Button from '~/core/ui/Button'; import useCreateTaskMutation from '~/lib/tasks/hooks/use-create-task'; import useCurrentOrganization from '~/lib/organizations/hooks/use-current-organization'; const CreateTaskForm = () => { const createTaskMutation = useCreateTaskMutation(); const navigate = useNavigate(); const organization = useCurrentOrganization(); const organizationId = organization?.id as number; const onCreateTask: FormEventHandler<HTMLFormElement> = useCallback( async (event) => { event.preventDefault(); const target = event.currentTarget; const data = new FormData(target); const name = data.get('name') as string; const dueDate = (data.get('dueDate') as string) || getDefaultDueDate(); if (name.trim().length < 3) { toast.error('Task name must be at least 3 characters long'); return; } const task = { organizationId, name, dueDate, done: false, }; // create task await createTaskMutation.mutateAsync(task); // redirect to /tasks return navigate(`/tasks`); }, [navigate, createTaskMutation, organizationId] ); return ( <form onSubmit={onCreateTask}> <div> <TextField.Label> Name <TextField.Input required name={'name'} placeholder={'ex. Launch on IndieHackers'} /> <TextField.Hint>Hint: whatever you do, ship!</TextField.Hint> </TextField.Label> <TextField.Label> Due date <TextField.Input name={'dueDate'} type={'date'} /> </TextField.Label> <div> <Button>Create Task</Button> </div> </div> </form> ); }; export default CreateTaskForm; function getDefaultDueDate() { const date = new Date(); date.setDate(date.getDate() + 1); date.setHours(23, 59, 59); return date.toDateString(); }

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