API Routes

Learn how to create and manage API routes in your Next.js application.

To use API Routes in your Next.js Project, you can create a route.ts file within the app directory, which will be treated automatically as an API Route.

To export an handler, we need to export the HTTP verb we want to handle, such as GET, POST, PUT, etc.

import { NextRequest, NextResponse } from "next/server"; export async function GET( req: NextRequest ) { return NextResponse.json({ hello: "world" }); }

Calling API Routes

To call API Routes, you have two ways:

  1. Use our utility function that wraps fetch and automatically inserts the CSRF token for you
  2. Manually call the fetch function and insert the CSRF token yourself

The Middleware will reject every mutation request that does not add a CSRF token to the request. You can disable this, but it is not recommended.

Using the Utility Function

By using the useApiRequest utility function, you can easily call API Routes from your application. In the example below, we use both the useApiRequest and useSWR hooks to fetch data from an API Route.

import useSWRMutation from 'swr/mutation'; import configuration from '~/configuration'; import useApiRequest from '~/core/hooks/use-api'; import useRefresh from '~/core/hooks/use-refresh'; interface Params { membershipId: number; } const path = configuration.paths.api.organizations.transferOwnership; function useTransferOrganizationOwnership() { const fetcher = useApiRequest<void, Params>(); const refresh = useRefresh(); const key = ['organizations', 'transfer-ownership']; return useSWRMutation( key, (_, { arg }: { arg: Params }) => { return fetcher({ path, method: `PUT`, body: { membershipId: arg.membershipId, }, }); }, { onSuccess: refresh, } ); } export default useTransferOrganizationOwnership;

To use the useTransferOrganizationOwnership hook, we can simply call it from our component.

function Component() { const { trigger } = useTransferOrganizationOwnership(); // use trigger to call the mutation }

Using useSWRMutation is not required, but it is recommended.

CSRF Check

By default, the CSRF check is enabled. This means that every mutation request must include a CSRF token.

If you use the utility useApiRequest function, this is handled automatically for you. If you use fetch directly, you must add the CSRF token yourself.

To add the CSRF token, you can use the useCsrfToken hook.

import useCsrfToken from '~/core/hooks/use-csrf-token'; function MyComponent() { const { csrfToken } = useCsrfToken(); // use csrfToken in your fetch request return ( <button onClick={() => { fetch('/api/my-route', { method: 'POST', headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/json', 'X-CSRF-Token': csrfToken, }, }); }}>Click</button> ); }

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