Creating a Delightful Onboarding Experience with Multi-Step Forms

In this post, we'll show you how to create a delightful onboarding experience using the Multi-Step Form Component for Makerkit.

·10 min read
Cover Image for Creating a Delightful Onboarding Experience with Multi-Step Forms

The release of Multi-Step forms for Makerkit opens up a world of possibilities for creating delightful onboarding experiences. In this post, we'll show you how to create a delightful onboarding experience using the Multi-Step Form Component for Makerkit.

While Makerkit Turbo does not include an Onboarding (customers in v1 were not interested in this feature), some customers are still needing this feature. In this post, I'll show you how easy it is with Makerkit.

The final result will be a multi-step form that guides users through the onboarding process, collecting information along the way:

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Differentiating between Onboarded and Non-Onboarded Users

First - we must be able to differentiate between onboarded and non-onboarded users. This can be done by checking if the user has completed the onboarding process. If they have, we can redirect them to the dashboard. If they haven't, we can show them the onboarding form.

To store this data, we can use the Supabase Auth app_metadata field. This field is a JSON object that can store any data you want (with limitations). In this case, we'll store a boolean value that indicates whether the user has completed the onboarding process.

Checking if the User is Onboarded in the Middleware

To check if the user is onboarded, we add a check in the middleware. If the user is not onboarded, we redirect them to the onboarding page.

In your middleware, you can add the following code after the user has been fetched:

apps/web/app/middleware.ts
{ pattern: new URLPattern({ pathname: '/home/*?' }), handler: async (req: NextRequest, res: NextResponse) => { const { data: { user }, } = await getUser(req, res); const origin = req.nextUrl.origin; const next = req.nextUrl.pathname; // If user is not logged in, redirect to sign in page. if (!user) { const signIn = pathsConfig.auth.signIn; const redirectPath = `${signIn}?next=${next}`; return NextResponse.redirect(new URL(redirectPath, origin).href); } const isOnboarded = user?.app_metadata.onboarded; if (!isOnboarded) { return NextResponse.redirect(new URL('/onboarding', origin).href); } const supabase = createMiddlewareClient(req, res); const requiresMultiFactorAuthentication = await checkRequiresMultiFactorAuthentication(supabase); // If user requires multi-factor authentication, redirect to MFA page. if (requiresMultiFactorAuthentication) { return NextResponse.redirect( new URL(pathsConfig.auth.verifyMfa, origin).href, ); } }, }

Creating the Onboarding Page

With the middleware in place, we can now create the onboarding page. The onboarding page is where the user will complete the onboarding process. This page will contain the multi-step form that the user will fill out.

Let's create a page for the onboarding at apps/web/app/onboarding/page.tsx:

apps/web/app/onboarding/page.tsx
import { AppLogo } from '~/components/app-logo'; import { OnboardingForm } from '~/onboarding/_components/onboarding-form'; export default function OnboardingPage() { return ( <div className={'flex flex-1 flex-col h-screen items-center justify-center space-y-16'}> <AppLogo /> <OnboardingForm /> </div> ); }

NB: we don't have the OnboardingForm component yet, but we'll create it in the next section. Please leave it empty for now and then import it back.

Installing the package react-confetti

To make the onboarding experience more delightful, we can add some confetti animation when the user completes the onboarding process. We'll use the react-confetti package for this.

To install the package, run:

pnpm --filter web add react-confetti

Creating the Multi-Step Form

Now that we have the onboarding page, we can create the multi-step form. The multi-step form will guide the user through the onboarding process, collecting the necessary information along the way.

To create the multi-step form, we'll use the Multi-Step Form Component for Makerkit. This component provides a simple API to create multi-step forms with ease.

In the onboarding form, we ask the user the following information:

  1. Their full name
  2. The name of the Team they want to create

We split the form into two steps, with each step collecting one piece of information - which is a good practice for onboarding forms and helps to reduce friction.

Now let's dive deep into the multi-step form implementation. We'll break down each part of the OnboardingForm component and explain its purpose and functionality.

1. Defining the Form Schema

First, we define the schema for our form using Zod:

const FormSchema = createStepSchema({ profile: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), team: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), });

This schema defines two steps: 'profile' and 'team', each with a 'name' field. The createStepSchema function is a helper that ensures our schema is compatible with the Multi-Step Form component.

2. The OnboardingForm Component

The OnboardingForm component is the main container for our multi-step form:

export function OnboardingForm() { const form = useForm({ resolver: zodResolver(FormSchema), defaultValues: { profile: { name: '' }, team: { name: '' }, }, mode: 'onBlur', }); const onSubmit = useCallback((data: z.infer<typeof FormSchema>) => { console.log(data); }, []); return ( <div> <MultiStepForm className={/* ... */} schema={FormSchema} form={form} onSubmit={onSubmit} > {/* Form content */} </MultiStepForm> </div> ); }

Here, we:

  • Use useForm from react-hook-form to manage our form state
  • Set up form validation using the Zod schema we defined
  • Define an onSubmit callback (currently just logging the data)
  • Render the MultiStepForm component, passing in our schema, form, and onSubmit handler

3. Form Header with Stepper

Inside the MultiStepForm, we first render a header with a stepper:

<MultiStepFormHeader> <MultiStepFormContextProvider> {({ currentStepIndex }) => ( <Stepper variant={'numbers'} steps={['Profile', 'Team', 'Complete']} currentStep={currentStepIndex} /> )} </MultiStepFormContextProvider> </MultiStepFormHeader>

This creates a visual indicator of progress through the form steps. The MultiStepFormContextProvider gives us access to the current step index, which we use to highlight the active step.

4. Form Steps

Next, we define each step of our form:

<MultiStepFormStep name={'profile'}> <ProfileStep /> </MultiStepFormStep> <MultiStepFormStep name={'team'}> <TeamStep /> </MultiStepFormStep> <MultiStepFormStep name={'complete'}> <CompleteStep /> </MultiStepFormStep>

Each MultiStepFormStep corresponds to a step in our form schema. The name prop should match the keys in our schema.

5. The Profile Step

The ProfileStep component renders the first step of our form:

function ProfileStep() { const { nextStep, form } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <Form {...form}> <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-6'}> {/* Welcome text */} <FormField render={({ field }) => ( <FormItem> <FormLabel>Your Name</FormLabel> <FormControl> <Input {...field} placeholder={'Name'} /> </FormControl> <FormDescription>Enter your full name here</FormDescription> </FormItem> )} name={'profile.name'} /> <div className={'flex justify-end'}> <Button onClick={nextStep}>Continue</Button> </div> </div> </Form> ); }

This step:

  • Uses the useMultiStepFormContext hook to access form utilities
  • Renders a form field for the user's name
  • Provides a 'Continue' button to move to the next step

6. The Team Step

The TeamStep component is similar to the ProfileStep, but adds team creation functionality:

function TeamStep() { const { nextStep, prevStep, form, mutation } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <Form {...form}> {/* Similar structure to ProfileStep */} <div className={'flex justify-end space-x-2'}> <Button variant={'ghost'} onClick={prevStep}> Go Back </Button> <Button onClick={async (e) => { await mutation.mutateAsync(); nextStep(e); }} > {mutation.isPending ? 'Processing...' : 'Create Team'} </Button> </div> </Form> ); }

This step adds:

  • A 'Go Back' button to return to the previous step
  • A 'Create Team' button that triggers a mutation (e.g., to create the team in your backend) before moving to the next step

The mutation object uses useMutation from React Query and provides utilities for handling asynchronous operations, which is very useful when you need additional control over form submission.

7. The Complete Step

The CompleteStep component renders the final step of our form:

function CompleteStep() { const { form } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-6'}> {/* Completion message */} <Button asChild> <Link href={'/home'}>Finish</Link> </Button> </div> ); }

This step:

  • Displays a completion message, including the user's name from the form data
  • Provides a 'Finish' button that links to the home page

Handling Form Submission

Finally, we handle form submission in the onSubmit callback. In this function, we will execute a Server Action to update the user profile, create the team, and mark the user as onboarded.

apps/web/app/onboarding/_lib/server/server-actions.ts
'use server'; import { z } from 'zod'; import { enhanceAction } from '@kit/next/actions'; import { getSupabaseServerActionClient } from '@kit/supabase/server-actions-client'; import { getSupabaseServerComponentClient } from '@kit/supabase/server-component-client'; export const submitOnboardingFormAction = enhanceAction( async (data, user) => { const client = getSupabaseServerComponentClient(); const createTeamResponse = await client.rpc('create_team_account', { account_name: data.team.name, }); if (createTeamResponse.error) { throw new Error( `Failed to create team: ${createTeamResponse.error.message}`, ); } const profileResponse = await client .from('accounts') .update({ name: data.profile.name, }) .eq('id', user.id); if (profileResponse.error) { throw new Error( `Failed to update profile: ${profileResponse.error.message}`, ); } const adminClient = getSupabaseServerActionClient({ admin: true }); await adminClient.auth.admin.updateUserById(user.id, { app_metadata: { onboarded: true, }, }); return { success: true, }; }, { auth: true, schema: z.object({ profile: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), team: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), }), }, );

This action updates the user's profile, creates the team, and marks the user as onboarded. It uses the enhanceAction helper to handle authentication and validation.

This is just an example - your onboarding process may involve different steps or actions. You can customize the submitOnboardingFormAction to suit your specific requirements.

Integrating the Server Action

Let's now integrate the submitOnboardingFormAction with our form submission:

apps/web/app/onboarding/onboarding-form.tsx
import { submitOnboardingFormAction } from './_lib/server/server-actions';
apps/web/app/onboarding/onboarding-form.tsx
const onSubmit = useCallback(async (data: z.infer<typeof FormSchema>) => { try { await submitOnboardingFormAction(data); } catch (error) { console.error('Failed to submit form:', error); } }, []);

Putting It All Together

With all the pieces in place, our OnboardingForm component looks like this:

apps/web/app/onboarding/onboarding-form.tsx
'use client'; import { useCallback } from 'react'; import { createPortal } from 'react-dom'; import dynamic from 'next/dynamic'; import Link from 'next/link'; import { zodResolver } from '@hookform/resolvers/zod'; import { useForm } from 'react-hook-form'; import { z } from 'zod'; import { Button } from '@kit/ui/button'; import { Form, FormControl, FormDescription, FormField, FormItem, FormLabel, } from '@kit/ui/form'; import { Input } from '@kit/ui/input'; import { MultiStepForm, MultiStepFormContextProvider, MultiStepFormHeader, MultiStepFormStep, createStepSchema, useMultiStepFormContext, } from '@kit/ui/multi-step-form'; import { Stepper } from '@kit/ui/stepper'; import { submitOnboardingFormAction } from '~/onboarding/_lib/server/server-actions'; const Confetti = dynamic( () => { return import('react-confetti'); }, { ssr: false, }, ); const FormSchema = createStepSchema({ profile: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), team: z.object({ name: z.string().min(1).max(255), }), }); export function OnboardingForm() { const form = useForm({ resolver: zodResolver(FormSchema), defaultValues: { profile: { name: '', }, team: { name: '', }, }, mode: 'onBlur', }); const onSubmit = useCallback(async (data: z.infer<typeof FormSchema>) => { try { await submitOnboardingFormAction(data); } catch (error) { console.error('Failed to submit form:', error); } }, []); return ( <div> <MultiStepForm className={ 'w-full max-w-md space-y-8 rounded-lg border p-8 shadow-sm duration-500 animate-in fade-in-90 zoom-in-95 slide-in-from-bottom-12' } schema={FormSchema} form={form} onSubmit={onSubmit} > <MultiStepFormHeader> <MultiStepFormContextProvider> {({ currentStepIndex }) => ( <Stepper variant={'numbers'} steps={['Profile', 'Team', 'Complete']} currentStep={currentStepIndex} /> )} </MultiStepFormContextProvider> </MultiStepFormHeader> <MultiStepFormStep name={'profile'}> <ProfileStep /> </MultiStepFormStep> <MultiStepFormStep name={'team'}> <TeamStep /> </MultiStepFormStep> <MultiStepFormStep name={'complete'}> <CompleteStep /> </MultiStepFormStep> </MultiStepForm> </div> ); } function ProfileStep() { const { nextStep, form } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <Form {...form}> <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-6'}> <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-2'}> <h1 className={'text-xl font-semibold'}>Welcome to Makerkit</h1> <p className={'text-sm text-muted-foreground'}> Welcome to the onboarding process! Let&apos;s get started by entering your name. </p> </div> <FormField render={({ field }) => { return ( <FormItem> <FormLabel>Your Name</FormLabel> <FormControl> <Input {...field} placeholder={'Name'} /> </FormControl> <FormDescription>Enter your full name here</FormDescription> </FormItem> ); }} name={'profile.name'} /> <div className={'flex justify-end'}> <Button onClick={nextStep}>Continue</Button> </div> </div> </Form> ); } function TeamStep() { const { nextStep, prevStep, form, mutation } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <Form {...form}> <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-6'}> <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-2'}> <h1 className={'text-xl font-semibold'}>Create Your Team</h1> <p className={'text-sm text-muted-foreground'}> Let&apos;s create your team. Enter your team name below. </p> </div> <FormField render={({ field }) => { return ( <FormItem> <FormLabel>Your Team Name</FormLabel> <FormControl> <Input {...field} placeholder={'Name'} /> </FormControl> <FormDescription> This is the name of your team. </FormDescription> </FormItem> ); }} name={'team.name'} /> <div className={'flex justify-end space-x-2'}> <Button disabled={mutation.isPending} variant={'ghost'} onClick={prevStep} > Go Back </Button> <Button onClick={async (e) => { await mutation.mutateAsync(); nextStep(e); }} > {mutation.isPending ? 'Processing...' : 'Create Team'} </Button> </div> </div> </Form> ); } function CompleteStep() { const { form } = useMultiStepFormContext(); return ( <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-6'}> {createPortal(<Confetti numberOfPieces={500} recycle={false} />, document.body)} <div className={'flex flex-col space-y-2'}> <h1 className={'text-xl font-semibold'}> Hello, {form.getValues('profile').name}! </h1> <p className={'text-sm text-muted-foreground'}> You&apos;re almost done! Click the button below to finish the onboarding process. </p> </div> <Button asChild> <Link href={'/home'}>Finish</Link> </Button> </div> ); }

Conclusion

By leveraging Makerkit's Multi-Step Form component, we've created a smooth, intuitive onboarding process. This approach:

  1. Breaks down the onboarding into manageable steps
  2. Provides clear visual feedback on progress
  3. Allows for easy validation and error handling
  4. Creates a flexible structure that can be easily extended or modified

With this onboarding flow in place, you're well on your way to creating a delightful first-time user experience that sets the tone for your entire application. Happy onboarding!


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