Logging is a fundamental part for your SaaS to understand and monitor the behavior of your code at runtime. Let's learn how to add logging to your Makerkit application.

The Makerkit Boilerplate uses pino as logging library. Pino is simple and lightweight, and it's used across the API functions to log important information that helps you debug your code.

Generally speaking, you will find that we log every function, especially for asynchronous operations that could fail for a number of reasons: network issues, API exceptions, and so on.

So, how to log your API functions effectively? Our recommendation is to log before executing an operation and then log the result of the operation, without leaking important data.

Furthermore, we want to log information such as:

  • which user is performing the operation?
  • which organization is the user part of?
  • any other information that can help you understand and debug what is happening.

Let's assume you're writing an API function to write to your Firestore database:

function addIntegrationHandler() { return writeToFirestore(data); }

Let's rewrite the above by adding logging to your function:

import logger from '~/core/logger'; async function addIntegrationHandler( req: NextApiRequest, res: NextApiResponse, ) { const userId = req.firebaseUser.uid; const organizationId = req.cookies.organizationId; const integrationId = req.body.integration; // this is the context that every log will print out const loggingContext = { integrationId, organizationId, userId, }; // Here we log what we're doing logger.log(loggingContext, `Adding new integration to organization`); try { await writeToFirestore(data); // Here we log that the result of the operation // was successful logger.log(loggingContext, `Integration successfully added`); // return successful response return res.json({ integrationId, success: true }); } catch (e) { // Here we log that the operation failed logger.error(loggingContext, `Encountered an error while adding integration`); // Logging errors can be okay but // ensure not to leak important information! logger.debug(e); // return 500 return res.status(500).json({ integrationId, success: false }); } }

If you use the filter withExceptionFilter, it will automatically log eventual exceptions thrown by the function, which makes the try/catch block optional.

NB: If you're using Vercel, logs are not persisted by default! Check out the Vercel integrations for adding persisting logs to your projects.

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